HTML5

All about HTML5

Todo: Make a reference about semantics etc.

Outlining

Todo: write something about outlining content and semantic structures. Nice tool: HTML 5 Outliner

Doctype

<!DOCTYPE html>

Root element

<html lang="en">

Check W3C's Language Tags

Head elements

  • Character Encoding / Meta charset
  • Link relations
    • Stylesheet
    • Alternate
    • Rel:
      • Author
      • Start
      • Prev
      • Next
    • Nofollow
    • Shortcut icon
    • Prefetch
    • Search

Html5 Semantic Elements

Section

Represents a thematic grouping of content, often with a heading. Could be chapters or tabbed interfaces. Webpages could be split into several sections like introduction, news items, latest posts, etc.

Nav

This element is for a page section with links, to other pages or area's within the current document. Only major navigation blocks can use the nav element, paginations and footer links don't need it.

Article

Represents a document, page, post, forumpost, article etc. and is intended to be indenpent or reusable.

Aside

Is a section of the page that contains content that can be related to the main content, but is considered separate.

Hgroup - don't use this

Important: this tag has been removed from the spec, do not use. It would be used to group multiple levels of headlines, subheadings, alternative titles and taglines (h1 - h6).

Header

Can be used for headers with logo's, navigation and search forms. But also for a sections heading.

Footer

Typically contains information about the author, links to resources, coprights, etc. Can be used for sections and for documents.

Time

Can be used with a 24 hour clock notation or Gregorian calendar, also has an optional time-zone attribute. Commonly used for publication dates etc.

More semantic elements

Main

Wraps the main page content and there can only be one in a document. It must not be a descendent of an <article>, <aside>, <footer>, <header> of <nav>. More the main element can be found on Mozilla's MDN.

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Media

  • Video
  • Audio